Introduction

Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked country with an area of 147 181 square kilometers. Located in south Asia bordering India from the East, South, West and from North China with high Himalayas. Official language is Nepali and Also Widely spoken in the country (Wikipedia, 2016, cited 09.15.2016.) Nepal is multiethnic, multilingual, multi-religious with a population of 26.4 million (31 M 2016 est.). Kathmandu is country’s capital and largest city (Nation Online, cited 15.09.2016).

Divided into three ecological zones as Himalayas (highland), Hills (Midland) and the Terai (lowland). Himalayas ranges between 4877 m – 8848 m, it includes 8 of the 14 highest summits in the world, Which Exceed altitude of 8000 meters Including Mount Everest. The mountain region covers 64 percent of total land area, while the lowland Terai occupies about 17 percent of the total land area of the country (Nation Online, cited 09.15.2016.)

Map of Nepal Political Map of Nepal

Monarchy system in Nepal was abolished in 2008 by mass protests. After That Nepal went through the transition period of constitution making. Now Nepal has a new constitution (2015), formed by 2 nd constituent assembly. (Wikipedia, 2016, cited 09/15/2016)

Nepal is ranked as one of the Least Developed nation, ranking 145 th on the Human Development Index (HDI) in 2014 (UNDP 2014, cited 09.15.2016). Nepal has been progressing steadily in the past decade Compared with other Least Developed nation. Remittance inflow in the country has Increased and has been Contributing in the country’s economy (CIA 2015, cited 15.09.2016). Nepal’s response Natural Resources possess a lot of potential for the country’s economic development if Properly utilized.

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